Three White Ducks eating grass

What Do Ducks Eat? Ducks eat a varied diet that includes grains, vegetables, insects, and small aquatic creatures.

This diverse diet helps ensure they get the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and development.

Natural Diet of Ducks

  • Grains and Seeds: In the wild, ducks consume a wide variety of grains and seeds. This includes corn, wheat, barley, sunflower seeds.
  • Vegetation: Ducks also feed on different types of vegetation, such as grass, aquatic plants, and weeds.
  • Insects and Small Aquatic Creatures: Protein is an essential part of a duck’s diet. Ducks often eat insects, worms, small fish, and crustaceans.

For more on ducks let’s explore the lifespan of ducks, check out our comprehensive guides.

Feeding Domestic Ducks

  • Commercial Feed: For pet ducks, a commercial duck feed is often the best option. These feeds are specially formulated to provide balanced nutrition and are available in most pet stores.
  • Vegetables and Fruits: Pet ducks can enjoy a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits. Safe options includes lettuce, peas, cucumbers, carrots, and apples (in moderation, without seeds).
  • Grains: Grains such as oats and barley can be added to a duck’s diet. Ensure they are cooked or soaked to make them easier to digest.
  • Supplements: To ensure your pet ducks get all the nutrients they need, consider supplements such as oyster shell or crushed eggshell for calcium.

Explore more on can ducks eat grapes and mushroom, in our related articles.

Foods to Avoid

Avoid feeding ducks bread, as it lacks essential nutrients and can lead to malnutrition and health problems.

Processed human foods, such as chips, cookies, and other snacks, are also harmful and should be avoided.

Additionally, certain foods are toxic to ducks and should never be given, including chocolate, avocado, onions, and garlic.

For detailed information, refer to Wikipedia for a comprehensive overview of ducks.

Feeding Tips

White Ducks Drinking Near Water

Maintain a consistent feeding schedule, as ducks thrive on routine and regular feeding times promote their health.

Always provide fresh, clean water for drinking and bathing, as it aids in swallowing food and staying hydrated.

Ensure the feeding area is clean and free from contaminants to prevent diseases and keep your ducks healthy.


Ducks have a diverse diet that includes grains, vegetables, insects, and small aquatic creatures.

For pet ducks, providing a balanced diet with commercial feed, fresh vegetables, and occasional grains is essential.

Avoid feeding ducks bread, processed foods, and toxic substances.

Consistent feeding schedules, clean water, and a safe feeding environment contribute to their overall well-being.


Ducks can eat cooked rice as long as it is plain and unsalted.

Feed your pet duck twice a day and always provide fresh water.

While ducks can occasionally have cat or dog food, it should not be a staple of their diet.