Mother rabbit sleeping beside his baby

How to Tell if a Rabbit Is Pregnant? To tell if a rabbit is pregnant, look for signs such as increased nesting behavior, changes in appetite, and noticeable weight gain.

Identifying these signs early can help ensure your rabbit receives the proper care during her pregnancy.

Common Signs of Pregnancy in Rabbits

  • Nesting Behavior: One of the most obvious signs that a rabbit is pregnant is nesting behavior. This typically occurs a few days before giving birth. The rabbit will gather hay, fur, and other materials to create a comfortable nest for her babies.
  • Increased Appetite: A pregnant rabbit may exhibit an increased appetite as she requires more nutrients to support the growing fetuses. If your rabbit starts eating more than usual, it could be a sign of pregnancy.
  • Weight Gain: Noticeable weight gain is another indicator of pregnancy in rabbits. As the pregnancy progresses, the abdomen will become larger and more rounded.
  • Behavioral Changes: Pregnant rabbits might show changes in behavior. They may become more territorial and protective of their space, or they might become more affectionate and seek out attention.
  • Palpation: Experienced rabbit breeders often use palpation to confirm pregnancy. This involves gently feeling the abdomen to detect the presence of developing kits. It’s best to leave this to a professional to avoid harming the rabbit or the fetuses.

For more on rabbit health, read our guide on taking care of rabbits.

Confirming Pregnancy

If you believe your rabbit may be expecting, seeking confirmation from a veterinarian is crucial.

A vet can employ ultrasound or other diagnostic techniques to assess for pregnancy.

Additionally, during a physical examination, the vet will carefully feel the rabbit’s abdomen to detect any developing kits, ensuring a thorough and safe assessment by trained professionals.

Care for a Pregnant Rabbit

Ensure your pregnant rabbit receives a well-rounded diet packed with essential nutrients, including ample fresh hay, vegetables, and a limited quantity of pellets, with continuous access to fresh water.

Establish a serene and cozy living environment, minimizing loud disturbances and excessive handling to prevent stress.

Additionally, furnish plenty of nesting materials like hay and straw, facilitating the creation of a comfortable nest for the impending arrival of her offspring.

For more information on rabbit care, refer to Wikipedia.

Signs of Labor

As the delivery date nears, your rabbit will exhibit signs of impending labor.

She will become increasingly engaged in constructing her nest, possibly pulling fur from her body to enhance its warmth and security for her kits.

Restlessness may also be observed, with the rabbit frequently shifting within her enclosure and tending to her nest.

Additionally, a decrease in appetite is common just prior to giving birth, as the rabbit readies herself for labor.

Postpartum Care

Bunny playing on the ground

Following the birth, it’s essential to closely observe the mother rabbit for any indications of discomfort or health concerns, ensuring she maintains proper food and water intake.

Regularly inspect the newborn kits to confirm their well-being and nursing activity, promptly seeking advice from a veterinarian if any complications arise.

Learn more about how to care for newborn rabbits and what to feed baby rabbits.


Recognizing the signs of pregnancy in your rabbit can help you provide the care she needs.

Look for behavioral changes, increased appetite, nesting behavior, and weight gain.

Consult a veterinarian for confirmation and guidance on caring for a pregnant rabbit to ensure a healthy and safe pregnancy.