Why Do Dogs Eat Poop?

Dog Pooping on the grass

Why Do Dogs Eat Poop? Dogs eat poop due to a behavior known as coprophagia.

This can be a normal behavior for puppies, a learned habit, or a sign of an underlying health issue.

While it may seem alarming, it’s a common behavior seen in dogs.

Understanding Coprophagia in Dogs

Coprophagia, the act of eating feces, is common among dogs for various reasons:

  • Puppy Exploration: Puppies may eat feces as they explore their environment. This behavior is typically outgrown as they mature.
  • Nutritional Deficiencies: Dogs may eat poop if their diet lacks certain nutrients, prompting them to seek out alternate sources.
  • Health Issues: Conditions like diabetes, parasites, or malabsorption syndromes can lead dogs to eat feces due to increased appetite or poor nutrient absorption.
  • Cleaning Behavior: In some cases, mother dogs will eat the feces of their puppies to keep the den clean.
  • Attention-Seeking: Dogs sometimes eat poop to get a reaction from their owners, especially if they notice that it leads to immediate attention.
  • Stress or Boredom: Dogs under stress or those that are bored may eat poop as a coping mechanism.

Is It Dangerous for Dogs to Eat Poop?

While coprophagia is generally not harmful, there are potential risks:

  • Parasites and Diseases: Eating feces can expose dogs to parasites like roundworms, hookworms, and diseases carried by other animals’ waste.
  • Health Complications: Consistent consumption of feces, particularly from other species, can lead to gastrointestinal upset or more serious health issues.

How to Prevent Your Dog from Eating Poop

A lawn sign no pooping for dogs on the grass

Preventing this behavior involves several strategies:

  • Keep the Environment Clean: Regularly clean up after your dog to eliminate opportunities for feces consumption.
  • Proper Nutrition: Ensure your dog’s diet is complete and balanced to prevent nutritional deficiencies that might cause coprophagia.
  • Health Check-ups: Regular veterinary visits can help rule out or treat any medical problems that could be causing the behavior.
  • Training and Attention: Teach commands like “leave it” to prevent your dog from eating feces. Also, avoid giving negative attention for this behavior, as it can reinforce the action.
  • Environmental Enrichment: Provide plenty of mental and physical stimulation to prevent boredom, a common cause of coprophagia.

Why Female Dogs Eat Their Puppies’ Poop

Female dogs eating the poop of their puppies is a natural and common behavior known as “coprophagia.”

This instinctive behavior serves several purposes in the context of caring for newborn puppies.

  • Cleanliness: In the wild, a mother dog will eat her puppies’ feces to keep the den clean and odor-free. This behavior helps hide their scent from predators, protecting the puppies from potential threats.
  • Health of Puppies: By keeping the den clean, the mother dog helps prevent the spread of parasites and diseases that could harm the puppies.
  • Instinctive Behavior: This behavior is deeply ingrained in dogs. Even in a safe, domestic environment, mother dogs will often continue this natural instinct to clean up after their puppies.


Understanding why dogs eat poop is essential for effectively addressing this behavior.

While not typically dangerous, it’s important to discourage this behavior due to the potential health risks.

By maintaining cleanliness, ensuring a balanced diet, and providing adequate mental stimulation and training, you can help prevent your dog from developing this undesirable habit.

If the behavior persists, consult with a veterinarian to explore further health-related causes or dietary adjustments.