Green Sea Turtle on Beach

What Are the Common Turtle Breeds? The most common turtle breeds include the Red-Eared Slider, Eastern Box Turtle, and Painted Turtle, each with unique characteristics that make them popular pets.

Red-Eared Slider

The Red-Eared Slider is one of the most recognized turtle breeds, known for the distinctive red markings around its ears. These turtles are semi-aquatic and require both water and land in their habitat.

Care Requirements

  • Habitat: A large tank with both swimming and basking areas.
  • Diet: A balanced diet of commercial turtle pellets, leafy greens, and occasional protein sources like insects or fish.
  • Temperature: Water temperature should be maintained between 75-85°F, with a basking area of around 90°F.

For more on what do turtles eat, explore our related guides.

Eastern Box Turtle

Eastern Box Turtles are terrestrial turtles with a domed shell that can close completely, protecting them from predators. They have a varied diet and are known for their colorful patterns.

Care Requirements

  • Habitat: An outdoor enclosure with ample space for roaming or a large indoor habitat with soil for digging.
  • Diet: Omnivorous diet including fruits, vegetables, and insects.
  • Temperature: Prefer ambient temperatures between 70-85°F.

Learn more about turtle breeds and how long do turtles live in our extensive resources.

Painted Turtle

Painted Turtles are named for their brightly colored markings on their shells and skin. They are aquatic turtles, spending most of their time in water.

Care Requirements

  • Habitat: An aquarium with clean water and a basking area.
  • Diet: Mainly aquatic plants, supplemented with insects and small fish.
  • Temperature: Water temperature should be between 70-80°F, with a basking area of around 85-90°F.

For detailed information on Painted Turtles, refer to Wikipedia.

Other Popular Turtle Breeds

Kinosternidae or Musk Turtle on the pond

Map Turtles are recognized for their elaborate shell designs resembling maps and are predominantly aquatic, necessitating a carefully maintained water habitat.

Musk Turtles, smaller in size, emit a stronger odor when feeling threatened. They also thrive in aquatic environments, preferring shallow waters.

For more detailed information on Map Turtle and Musk Turtle, refer to Wikipedia.

Choosing the Right Turtle Breed

When deciding on a turtle breed, it’s important to take several factors into account.

First, make sure you have adequate space to create a suitable habitat. Turtles also demand consistent care and attention.

Additionally, consider the climate requirements, as certain breeds may necessitate specific temperature and humidity conditions to thrive.

For detailed guidance on how to care for your pet turtle, check our comprehensive care guides.


The common turtle breeds and their care requirements can help you provide the best environment for your pet.

Whether you choose a Red-Eared Slider, Eastern Box Turtle, or Painted Turtle, each breed offers unique characteristics that can make them a wonderful addition to your family.